A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense anxiety that causes severe physical reactions like a rapid heart rate and shortness of breath if there isn’t any actual threat or obvious cause. A lot of individuals have only one or two panic attacks within their lifetimes, and the issue goes away. But if you’ve experienced recurrent, unexpected panic attacks and spent extended periods in constant fear of another attack, then you might have a condition known as panic disorder.
Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder marked by regular and frequently extreme anxiety attacks. These panic attacks have been accompanied by extreme feelings of nervousness and anxiety and frequently interfere with daily through efforts to decrease the danger of getting the strikes.
Luckily, though anxiety attacks are terrifying and anxiety disorder can affect every area of your life, 心理治療 can be quite helpful in reducing the amount of strikes and in safeguarding your wellbeing.
There are lots of choices for treating anxiety disorder, and many frequently a mix of them is best. Remedies might include various kinds of psychotherapy, drugs, lifestyle changes and stress relief.
Psychotherapy is the backbone of therapy for anxiety disorder and is the ideal remedy for reducing the incidence of anxiety attacks later on.
The very first step in studying is only schooling; describing what’s going on through a panic attack. Certainly, depending on the amount of individuals who seek emergency care for fear attacks, you might feel physical senses that are of excellent concern. A therapist will start by describing what’s happening from your system, and the way the”fight or flight” reflex causes these symptoms.
Psychotherapy approaches Which Have Been effective in treating anxiety disorder include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
The American Psychiatric Association suggests that a kind of psychotherapy known as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective for anxiety disorder.
Cognitive-behavioral treatment reflects the significance of the two behavioral and thought processes in understanding and controlling stress and panic attacks. The focus of therapy is on insufficient, obstructive, and destructive behaviours and absurd thought processes that give rise to the continuation of symptoms.
CBT involves two primary steps when treating anxiety disorder. Step one would be to recognize unwanted thoughts and behaviours. This may be carried out in several of different manners with journaling occasionally playing a huge part.
After these negative thought and behaviour patterns are recognized, you might start building healthy coping approaches to change negative behaviors and ideas. 1 method used frequently with dread is desensitization. In this procedure, a individual is gradually exposed more and more to some panic-inducing stimulation until it stimulates a panic reaction.
Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Panic-focused psychodynamic therapy can also be helpful in treating anxiety disorder. Psychodynamic treatment is rooted in Freud’s psychoanalytic theories. The purpose of therapy is to help customers become aware of the unconscious conflicts and dreams and to detect defense mechanisms which help determine the disposition of symptoms. Contrary to CBT, the attention of the treatment would be to recreate the subconscious portion of the brain where painful thoughts and memories are saved.
Working With a Therapist
Psychotherapy is generally performed by a knowledgeable counselor, social worker, psychologist or psychologist. Remember that just because there are several distinct personalities among doctors, you will find equally as many characters among mental health providers. Sometimes people will need to”interview” greater than 1 supplier (get another opinion) so as to come up with the ideal therapist to direct them. Stress disorder treatment is not a”quick fix” and a supportive relationship with a therapist can go a long way in assisting you to do the job required to restore your lifetime.
The drugs used more frequently for anxiety disorder include antidepressants and anti inflammatory drugs. It is important to be aware that when an antidepressant is advocated, it doesn’t necessarily mean your doctor believes you’re miserable. All antidepressants work by changing one or more of the next brain compounds (neurotransmitters):
Serotonin. This brain compound plays a role in modulating stress, mood, sleep, hunger, and sexuality.
Norepinephrine, which affects sleep and endurance, is thought to be correlated into this fight or flight stress response.
Dopamine affects body motion and is also thought to be involved in motivation, reward, reinforcement and addictive behaviours . Many notions of psychosis imply that dopamine plays a part in psychotic symptoms.
Antidepressants used in the treatment of anxiety disorder are broken up into four chief categories. The most frequently prescribed medications are SSRIs, together with MAOIs used only infrequently when other medicines have failed.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) – SSRIs operate by boosting the amount of dopamine from the brain. Examples include Paxil (paroxetine), Zoloft (sertraline),and Prozac (fluoxetine).
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) – SNRIs operate on both the serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Examples include Effexor (venlafaxine), and Cymbalta (duloxetine).
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) – TCAs influence dopamine, norepinephrine, and to a less extent, dopamine. Examples include imipramine and amitriptyline.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) – MAOIs additionally inhibit anxiety by altering brain chemicals. examples include Nardil (phenelzine) and Parnate (tranylcypromine). MAOIs can be tricky to use and need individuals to stick to a very strict diet because the medicine might dangerously interact with some foods, drinks, and other medicines.
Antianxiety medications like benzodiazepines are sometimes used short term for anxiety attacks, but could quickly become habit forming.
Medicines to treat anxiety disorder could be prescribed by a psychologist or even a primary care doctor. The period of drug treatment varies greatly from individual to individual. It could be necessary for some to keep a drug regimen during their lives.
Getting Help and Resources
Panic disorder is a treatable illness and the majority of individuals will experience substantial symptom reduction with treatment. The earlier treatment starts, the not as likely you are to develop agoraphobia, and the more quickly you are able to get back on your feet and actually begin living again. Learn about the usual obstacles to seeking help in addition to the support and tools available for individuals with anxiety disorder.